Projeto Viver na Incerteza: pedido de colaboração

Outubro 28, 2016 às 10:18 am | Publicado em Divulgação | Deixe um comentário
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O Instituto de Apoio à Criança está a colaborar com a Faculdade de Psicologia da Universidade de Lisboa no âmbito do projeto de doutoramento da mestre Ana Tavares. O Projeto Viver na Incerteza pretende estudar como é que pais e  restantes familiares vivem após experienciarem o desaparecimento de uma criança ou jovem da sua família.

Neste sentido, solicitamos a colaboração de pais, irmãos ou outros familiares de crianças desaparecidas no preenchimento do questionário e /ou solicitação de entrevista, através do link  http://projetovivernaincerteza.psicologia.ulisboa.pt/

Obrigado

Why are 10,000 migrant children missing in Europe?

Outubro 27, 2016 às 8:00 pm | Publicado em A criança na comunicação social, Vídeos | Deixe um comentário
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texto da http://www.bbc.com/ de 12 de outubro de 2016.

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By Helena Merriman

Europol, the EU’s police intelligence unit, estimates that around 10,000 unaccompanied children have gone missing in Europe over the past two years. The BBC World Service Inquiry programme asks why so many have disappeared.

“There are different reasons [children] arrive unaccompanied,” according to Delphine Moralis, secretary general of Missing Children Europe.

“Some of them have been sent by their parents hoping that their child would have a better chance at life, some of these children have been separated from their parents by smugglers as a way of controlling them, and some would have lost their parents in the chaos.”

In 2015, according to Missing Children Europe, 91% of the children who arrived in Europe on their own were boys, and 51% were from Afghanistan.

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But the profile of these unaccompanied children is changing. More girls are arriving in Europe on their own, and the age of the children going missing is getting lower. Last year, for the first time, children as young as four went missing.

So what’s happened to all these missing children? To put it simply, no-one really knows. That’s because when a child from Syria, Afghanistan or Eritrea goes missing in Greece or Italy, nothing much happens. Few border agencies file a missing person’s report.

There are concerns now that smugglers are turning the children they bring into Europe into the hands of traffickers to make more money. Those children might then be pushed into prostitution or slavery.

“Smugglers are exploiting the children that they bring into Europe,” said Delphine Moralis. “The problem is that these children often turn to the people who got them into Europe, rather than to the authorities and that makes them vulnerable.”

Gulwali Passarlay left Afghanistan aged 12, and it took him over a year to make it to Britain. He was separated from his brother almost immediately by the smugglers, so had to make the gruelling journey on his own.

He walked for days, hid in the back of lorries, jumped out of moving trains, and spent two weeks in an adult prison in Turkey before finally arriving on the Turkish coast. There, he was taken to a boat big enough for 20 people. There were 120 of them inside.

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“The boat broke down,” he said. “This was the first time I’d seen the sea. I was terrified. I said to God, ‘I don’t want to die here. Not here in the Mediterranean. My Mum will never know whether I’m dead or alive’.”

Minutes before the boat sank, the coastguard found them and took them to Greece. Gulwali was handed over to the police, then the army. His fingerprints were taken and then he was given the devastating news: he’d have to leave within a month or be deported.

By then he had found out his brother was in Britain, and so he did what thousands of other children have done. He left the refugee camp in Greece and disappeared.

“We’d walk through the railway lines so the police wouldn’t see us,” he said. “We kept a very low profile.” Other children he knew went further to avoid being caught. They burnt their fingertips or cut them off entirely so that if they were found, they couldn’t be identified and sent back home.

Eventually Gulwali made it to Calais where he made dozens of attempts to get to Britain. One day he got lucky: he crept into a lorry carrying bananas and made it into the UK.

It took Gulwali five years to get refugee status. He started school, went to university and, last year, wrote a book about his journey, The Lightless Sky.

But for every one who makes it, there are thousands who never get to this point. Like Gulwali, they feel safer disappearing than going through Europe’s asylum system.

Ciara Smyth testified as an expert witness before the House of Lords EU Home Affairs Committee on the situation of unaccompanied minors in the EU. She also teaches law at the National University of Ireland Galway. She says the asylum system as it’s set out in law does protect children, but that the laws aren’t always followed.

“There are a number of EU agencies in hot spot areas in Italy and Greece that are supposed to identify asylum seekers, but they’re turning into detention centres,” she said. “When unaccompanied minors fester in camps, they’re not going to tolerate that forever.” And it’s not only in Greece or Italy that children are struggling to enter the asylum system.

Ciara Smyth says there’s evidence that some European countries actively discourage children from applying for asylum because they want them to move on somewhere else.

“Many countries along the transit route to northern Europe adopt a ‘wave through’ approach where they’re turning a blind eye to unaccompanied minors,” she said. “They’re not registering them. They’re effectively encouraging them to keep going.”

And they keep going because, like Gulwani, they’re often looking for family members. And here, too, there’s a gap between what should happen and what is happening.

Under the so-called Dublin regulation, when a child is first registered in a country, the authorities there should find out whether they have family in another EU state. If they do, the child should be sent there to have their asylum claim processed. But that rarely happens.

When children do eventually arrive in a country where they want to claim asylum, a representative should be appointed to support them through the asylum process. But according to Ciara Smyth, while some countries have good guardian services, in others, there are none.

Remember, these children are often completely on their own. And when their asylum claims are being processed, they often have to undergo humiliating physical tests – teeth X-rays, head measurements or bone density exams to check they’re not lying about their age. Then they have to explain why they left home. They’ll be interviewed repeatedly and asked to recount, in intricate detail, the traumas they’ve escaped from.

“Very often unaccompanied minors might not have a very clear recollection of events,” she says. “It’s very difficult for them to give a linear narrative. Successful asylum claims are all about being able to present a coherent story.”

Find out more

At that point, more children disappear. So why isn’t more being done to support these vulnerable children?

Last year, almost 90,000 unaccompanied children arrived in Europe. That’s a huge number. Clearly, even if every EU state devoted more attention and resources to the problem, child migrants and refugees would continue to slip through the net. Looking after children who are already within the asylum system has placed a huge strain on local authorities, at a time when budgets are already under pressure.

But according to Ciara Smyth, the EU is failing to adhere to the very policies it created to protect children. And it seems that the public, too, are turning a blind eye.

A year ago, after the photograph of the drowned toddler Alan Kurdi was published, people all over Europe became more sympathetic towards child migrants and refugees. People welcomed them into their homes, donated food and even volunteered in the Calais camps.

Britain, Germany and Canada all said they would accept more refugees and European leaders agreed to share responsibility for refugees arriving in Greece and Italy.

One year on and many of those promises have been broken. Yet there’s been little public outcry. Why?

It’s partly about economics. As austerity bites across Europe, people feel less inclined to help outsiders. And the alleged connection between migrants and militants hasn’t helped. Without popular support, politicians are less inclined to take action and enforce the rules that exist to protect children.

So the story of the 10,000 missing children tells a much broader one about failure: the failure of border authorities to follow laws which exist to protect children and the failure of Europeans – moved by that photograph of Alan Kurdi – to continue to care for long enough to persuade political leaders to keep the promises they made.

 

 

 

Crianças desaparecidas: caso mais antigo tem quase 40 anos

Outubro 25, 2016 às 6:30 pm | Publicado em Vídeos | Deixe um comentário
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Reportagem da http://sicnoticias.sapo.pt/ de 24 de outubro de 2016.

sofia

Visualizar a reportagem no link:

http://sicnoticias.sapo.pt/pais/2016-10-24-Criancas-desaparecidas-caso-mais-antigo-tem-quase-40-anos

 

 

10.000 Missing Children – Campanha alerta para as crianças não acompanhadas que desaparecem na Europa

Outubro 14, 2016 às 8:00 pm | Publicado em Divulgação | Deixe um comentário
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Petição disponível no link:

https://you.wemove.eu/campaigns/10000-missing-children

Alemanha perdeu o rasto a 9 mil crianças refugiadas

Setembro 5, 2016 às 12:00 pm | Publicado em A criança na comunicação social | Deixe um comentário
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Notícia do http://expresso.sapo.pt/ de 29 de agosto de 2016.

expresso

Alexandre Costa

Chegaram ao país sem estarem acompanhadas. A maioria tem entre 14 e 17 anos, mas mais de 860 são menores de 13 anos.

As autoridades alemães anunciaram esta segunda-feira que perderam o rasto a 8991 crianças que chegaram ao país sem estarem acompanhadas e cujos pedidos de asilo haviam sido registados.

O Gabinete da Polícia Criminal Federal (GPCF) disse que a maioria das crianças tem entre 14 e 17 anos, mas mais de 860 são menores de 13 anos.

O GPCF frisou contudo não haver dados concretos que indiquem as crianças tenham caído em poder de criminosos, referindo que por vezes elas abandonam os centros de refugiados, onde se registaram inicialmente, deslocando-se para outros sem que as autoridades se apercebam dessa situação, uma vez que não possuem documentos de identificação. Em outros casos podem ter abandonado os centros para irem ao encontro de famíliares.

“Muitas estão desaparecidas porque elas estão a tentar chegar até às suas famílias ou comunidades (…) Mas em muitos casos, elas podem ter sido capturadas, elas podem ter confiado numa pessoa que pretende lucrar com a sua vulnerabilidade, ou elas podem ter sido vítimas de tráfico”, afirmou por seu turno Federica Toscano, da organização Missing Children Europe, em declarações prestadas à Quartz.

A Save the Children refere que crianças são levadas para a Alemanha por traficantes que pretendem depois que lhes paguem 50 mil euros pela viagem. Crianças da Nigéria e da Roménia, algumas das quais com apenas 13 anos de idade, foram forçadas a prostituírem-se, após lhes terem sido prometidos empregos como cabeleireiras e babysitters, segundo um relatório desta ONG citado pelo “The Telegraph”. A organização entrevistou também rapazes que tiveram de fazer trabalhos forçados ou traficar droga para pagarem as suas dividas. .

mais informações na notícia da Quartz

Nearly 9,000 unaccompanied refugee children have gone missing in Germany

 

Boletim do IAC n.º 120 e Separata n.º 40 “IX Conferência sobre as Crianças Desaparecidas”

Setembro 2, 2016 às 1:18 pm | Publicado em Publicações IAC-CEDI | Deixe um comentário
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boleDescarregar o Boletim do IAC n.º 120 e a Separata n.º 40 aqui

Há mais de dez mil crianças refugiadas desaparecidas na Europa

Agosto 10, 2016 às 6:00 am | Publicado em A criança na comunicação social | Deixe um comentário
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Notícia do http://observador.pt/ de 21 de julho de 2016.

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Novo relatório da Europol confirma mais de 10.000 crianças refugiadas que desapareceram depois de chegarem à Europa, desde 2015. A Missing Children Europe é a organização que os procura.

Amir Jasim Shamo é um menino sírio de 13 anos que tinha um sonho: chegar à Europa. No pico do inverno, Amir embarcou na Turquia para tentar atravessar o mar Mediterrâneo e chegar às ilhas gregas. Depois de atracar em Farmakonisi, Amir desapareceu.

Segundo um relatório da Europol, Amir é apenas uma das mais de 10.000 crianças refugiadas que desapareceram depois de chegarem à Europa, desde 2015.

A Missing Children Europe é uma rede de mais de 30 organizações não-governamentais, com sede em Bruxelas, que espalha cartazes com fotografias e dados que permitem identificar crianças desaparecidas. Em muitos desses cartazes está a cara de Amir. Outro cartaz mostra dois meninos sírios que desaparecem: Alnd de cinco anos e Roder, o seu irmão de quatro anos. O tio dos dois rapazes, Othman, contou que Alnd e Roder eram inseparáveis.

Depois de uma viagem de vários dias entre a Síria e a Turquia, os meninos embarcaram com a família em direção à Grécia, em busca de um refúgio da guerra, de uma vida melhor. Mas a embarcação nunca chegou a terra. Afundou ao largo da costa grega e os tripulantes foram resgatados pela guarda costeira turca. Quando a contagem dos resgatados foi feita, os irmãos tinham desaparecido.

A família recorreu à Missing Children Europe para encontrar os meninos. A organização apressou-se a espalhar cartazes por toda a Europa para ajudar na procura dos dois irmãos.

O El Mundo explica que esta iniciativa levada a cabo pela Missing Children Europe (MEC) é a primeira do género — a focar-se somente em crianças –, desde que começou a crise dos refugiados, em 2015.

A responsável pelos refugiados da rede de ONGs, Federica Toscano, explicou que desde o início da crise de refugiados que a MEC se tem encarregado de procurar os desaparecidos, mas que desta vez escolheu uma campanha focada principalmente em crianças como forma de “sensibilizar os europeus para a situação”.

Federica ressalvou que não aparecem nem vão aparecer fotografias de todas as crianças. “Antes de tornar pública a fotografia, avaliamos se a sua divulgação pode pôr em causa a sua segurança”, explicou a responsável pelos refugiados.

As crianças que desaparecem

Amir não foi a única criança que procurava atingir a Grécia a aparecer nos cartazes da Missing Children Europe. Dois irmãos, Alkafagi, de seis anos e o irmão bebé, Mohamed de um ano, desapareceram na mesma rota.

Os irmãos Abaas viajavam sozinhos, talvez separados da família numa fronteira do Mar Mediterrâneo, como acontece a muitas das crianças que procuram um porto seguro na Europa.

Os países onde se registam mais desaparecimentos são a Alemanha, Bélgica, França, Itália e Reino Unido e a rota dos Balcãs (Grécia, Macedónia, Sérvia, Hungria e Áustria).

Delphine Moralis, secretária geral da MEC, afirmou que as buscas nestes casos costumam “ser muito lentas, na maior parte das vezes por falta de informação” que não permite ter uma imagem “geral do problema”.

Uma representante da UNICEF explicou ao El Mundo o processo que pode levar uma criança a desaparecer:

“Para estes desaparecimentos podem contribuir uma série de situações: os pequenos podem estar onze meses há espera num centro de acolhimento até que o país de acolhimento examine o seu pedido de asilo. Muitas vezes estes menores passam pelo processo sem um representante legal ou um tradutor e sem saberem os seus direitos. Muitas vezes nem têm um sítio para dormir devido à saturação. Estas situações aumentam o desespero e impulsiona-os a fugir.”

Dados da UNICEF informam que mais de 90% das crianças que chegam a estes centros têm entre 14 e 17 anos e vêm, principalmente, do Afeganistão, África Subsariana, Iraque, Marrocos e Síria.

 

A quem devo telefonar se o meu filho desaparecer? 116 000 linha de emergência da União Europeia

Agosto 5, 2016 às 1:00 pm | Publicado em Divulgação | Deixe um comentário
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texto do Facebook da Representação da Comissão Europeia em Portugal de 24 de julho de 2016.

A União Europeia tem uma linha de emergência comum para comunicar o desaparecimento de uma criança num Estado-Membro da UE. Para os pais de uma criança que desapareceu, para uma criança que se perdeu ou para qualquer pessoa que tenha informações sobre uma criança desaparecida, o número é o mesmo. Será de imediato posto em contacto com uma organização capaz de lhe dar apoio e assistência prática, seja de ordem psicológica, jurídica ou administrativa.
Saiba mais em http://missingchildreneurope.eu/116000hotline #verãoUE

Em Portugal o 116 000 foi atribuído ao SOS-Criança do Instituto de Apoio à Criança. Mais informações aqui 

Unaccompanied child refugees: ‘These children aren’t seen as children’

Julho 30, 2016 às 1:00 pm | Publicado em A criança na comunicação social | Deixe um comentário
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A network of 30 European NGOs supporting missing and exploited children have come together to tackle the rising problem of missing refugee children.

“Human smugglers increasingly combine smuggling with exploitation and their victims are often children,” says Federica Toscano. “At chaotic border situations, it happens that smugglers deliberately separate refugee children from their parents to exploit them.’’

“We also hear that families at the border between Greece and Macedonia have been forced to ‘pay’ smugglers with one of their children,” continues Toscano. “Smugglers have come to realise they can make much more profit by taking advantage of vulnerable people. And the most vulnerable people are children.”

Toscano is well-placed to know. She works for Missing Children Europe, a network of thirty European NGOs that are active in the field of missing and sexually exploited children. Since its foundation in 2001, MCE has focussed on different groups of missing children (pdf). Half of the cases of children that disappear in Europe are runaways: those who run away from home or institutions after a history of violence or abuse. More than a third are abducted by parents.

But the most recent category is unaccompanied child refugees. “This group only makes up 2% of cases, which is a low percentage,” says Delphine Moralis, the secretary general of MCE, “but that doesn’t say anything about the magnitude of the problem. These children are seldom reported as missing. That’s why we find it so important to focus on this problem too.’’

Earlier this year Europol stated that at least 10,000 unaccompanied child refugees have gone missing in Europe. A recent EU report warned that these children have become targets for criminal gangs, who exploit them in the sex industry or force them to beg, steal or smuggle drugs.

But MCE believe the true number to be far higher than 10,000. Toscano says that “in Italy alone 5,000 refugee children have gone missing. And Germany reported that in 2015 almost 6,000 of these children have disappeared.’’

The organisation has been aware of the problem for some time. “As far back as 2005 a Belgian study showed that one fourth of unaccompanied children seeking asylum went missing within the first 48 hours upon arrival. So it’s no news to us.”

But for a whole range of reasons, many of these disappearances go unreported. “First of all, there’s no sense of urgency,” explains Toscano. “When a child refugee goes missing, the general assumption is that he or she has a plan, and that the child is resilient. The police and social services don’t feel the same sense of urgency as when the child is from their own country. They are not aware of the risks these children run, that they might fall victim to exploitation. So nothing is really done.’’

The lack of formal procedures when these children disappear is another problem. “Much depends on the goodwill of the single professional involved,” says Toscano. “There is no common system to collect information about missing children in Europe. There are good practices, but they’re very local. So the traffickers just go to another area.’’

MCE was founded fifteen years ago in 2001, when it became clear that European cooperation on this issue was seriously lacking. “I was working for a Belgian NGO at the time when two Belgian girls went missing,” says Moralis. “On the third day of their disappearance a judge called us and said: ‘We have no idea where these children are, they could be anywhere in Europe, we really need your help now.’ There was no other way to tackle the problem but by contacting one by one all the 309 European organisations working in this field. That’s when we realised it was necessary to create a network of contact points for missing children.”

The organisation facilitates training of professionals to respond better to the disappearance of child refugees. It also exerts pressure on European institutions to provide clear rules and legislation to protect these children. This year, MCE has published a handbook (pdf) on good practises to help prevent and respond to unaccompanied children going missing.

“We try to be as practical as possible,” says Toscano. “You can do so much to prevent a child from disappearing. Just a simple example: when a child arrives in a shelter and is given food, he may think he has to pay for it. When he has no money, he will try to escape as soon as possible. Workers should take time to explain everything to the child … Sometimes these children don’t even realise it when they are exploited. Their traffickers tell them all kinds of lies to make them extra vulnerable. They say: watch out for authorities, they will lock you up.’’

They also closely monitor development throughout Europe. Toscano has been collecting information on missing children in Europe through the EU co-funded SUMMIT project (pdf). This included a study into interagency cooperation around unaccompanied migrant children done through surveys and interviews with hotlines for missing children, professionals at refugee reception centres, guardians and law enforcement in the UK, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Spain, Belgium and Ireland.

As a result they are hearing from the frontlines. “We know that there are networks of child traffickers that operate in different countries,” says Toscano. “For example, when a refugee child has been exploited in Eritrea and claims asylum in the Netherlands, there will be another criminal gang waiting to exploit him there. Traffickers have excellent lines of communication. When a child has a history of trafficking, the risk that he will be trafficked again is very high.”

According to Moralis, the closing of borders means that lots of refugees are stuck in bad conditions: “This makes them more vulnerable and creates more opportunities for criminals. How is it possible that all this is going on in Europe and nobody seems to know where these children are?”

“Our main aim is to raise awareness that these children are children,” says Toscano. “It’s very simple. You’d think that everyone would be aware of this, but it is certainly not the case. Not for authorities, not for members of the civil society, nor for the general public. These children usually aren’t seen as children, but as people who just come here and use resources that we want to use for something else.’’

 

The Guardian em 13 de junho de 2016

 

Best practices and key challenges on interagency cooperation to safeguard unaccompanied children from going missing : SUMMIT REPORT

Julho 22, 2016 às 12:00 pm | Publicado em Relatório | Deixe um comentário
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best

descarregar o relatório no link:

http://missingchildreneurope.eu/catalog/categoryid/9/documentid/348?utm_source=Missing+Children+Europe+newsletter&utm_campaign=23f95b7200-Public_newsletter_Feb_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_998981635e-23f95b7200-127479505

Findings from an in-depth study on the issue of the disappearance of unaccompanied migrant children were developed in the framework of the project “Safeguarding Unaccompanied Migrant Minors from going Missing by Identifying Best Practices and Training Actors on Interagency Cooperation” (SUMMIT). The report reflects insight from the actors who deal primarily with the reception of unaccompanied children and those who focus on the disappearance of children. It examines practices in seven EU countries – the UK, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Cyprus, Ireland and Greece.

It serves as a necessary mapping exercise of good practices, along with a manual for grassroots professionals to be published in the next weeks, to promote discussions and expert trainings between these actors across Member States.

In the study, the authors call for improved cooperation between law enforcement, social workers in shelters and reception centres, guardians, hotlines for missing children and other parties to better prevent and respond to the disappearance of unaccompanied children.

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