Etiquetas: Adolescentes, Crianças, Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis, Prevenção VIH/SIDA, Relatório, UNICEF, VIH/SIDA
NEW YORK, 29 November 2013 – A new report released today by UNICEF shows great progress has been made to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, with more than 850,000 new childhood infections averted between 2005 and 2012 in low- and middle-income countries.
However, the new 2013 Stocktaking Report on Children and AIDS raises the alarm on adolescents, citing the need for increased global and national efforts to address HIV and AIDS among this vulnerable age group.
AIDS-related deaths amongst adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 increased by 50 per cent between 2005 and 2012, rising from 71,000 to 110,000, in stark contrast to progress made in preventing mother-to-child transmission. There were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV in 2012.
With additional funding and increased investment in innovation, many of the challenges could be overcome, the report says.
A new analysis featured in the report shows that by increasing investment in high-impact interventions to about US$5.5 billion by 2014, 2 million adolescents, particularly girls, could avoid becoming infected by 2020. Investments in 2010 were US$3.8 billion.
“If high-impact interventions are scaled up using an integrated approach, we can halve the number of new infections among adolescents by 2020,” said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “It’s a matter of reaching the most vulnerable adolescents with effective programmes – urgently.”
High-impact interventions include condoms, antiretroviral treatment, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, voluntary medical male circumcision, communications for behaviour change, and targeted approaches for at-risk and marginalized populations. This is in addition to investments in other sectors such as education, social protection and welfare, and strengthening health systems.
In contrast to adolescents, progress has been impressive in the area of preventing new HIV infections among infants. Some 260,000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2012, compared to 540,000 in 2005.
“This report reminds us that an AIDS-free generation is one in which all children are born free of HIV and remain so––from birth and throughout their lives––and it means access to treatment for all children living with HIV,” said Michel Sidibe, Executive Director of UNAIDS. “It also reminds us that women’s health and well-being should be at the centre of the AIDS response. I have no doubt that we will achieve these goals.”
HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIVNovembro 30, 2013 às 2:00 pm | Publicado em Estudos sobre a Criança | Deixe um comentário
Etiquetas: Adolescentes, Guia, HIV/SIDA, Prevenção VIH/SIDA, World Health Organization
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Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents — especially girls — who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence.
These guidelines provide specific recommendations and expert suggestions — for national policy-makers and programme managers and their partners and stakeholders— on prioritizing, planning and providing HIV testing, counselling, treatment and care services for adolescents.
Etiquetas: ASIC - Associação de Saúde Infantil de Coimbra, Criança, Prevenção VIH/SIDA, Reunião de Trabalho, SIDA, VIH/SIDA
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Etiquetas: Campanha de Solidariedade, Crianças, HIV/SIDA, One Campaign, Prevenção VIH/SIDA, Video
The One Campaign launched “No Child Born with HIV” in 2010, featuring pregnant women wondering about the future of their unborn children. Singer Alicia Keys provides the voice over, telling us us that over 1,000 babies are born every day with HIV. “But the plain truth is this can all be prevented. We now have the medicine and the treatment to stop the spread of HIV from mother to child. We can reach the goal of no child born with HIV by 2015, but it won’t happen without you.”
Etiquetas: A Bola, Crianças, Filme, Moçambique, Orlando Mesquita, Preservativos, Prevenção VIH/SIDA, Video
“O filme passa-se algures num poeirento campo de futebol em Moçambique… “A Bola” é um olhar divertido sobre como o preservativo é utilizado neste país, onde cerca de 20 milhões de preservativos são distribuídos anualmente. Considerando que 4 milhões de homens moçambicanos são sexualmente activos, isto significa que cada homem só utiliza 5 preservativos por ano. Além dos homens, os miúdos são grandes consumidores de preservativos. Estes são muito baratos e com dois preservativos, um dentro do outro, mais alguns plásticos, e corda, os miúdos conseguem fazer uma bola de futebol em dez minutos.”
Realizador & Editor ORLANDO MESQUITA
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