Zero violence against Children by 2030

Junho 21, 2019 às 6:00 am | Publicado em Divulgação | Deixe um comentário
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mais informações no link:

“Seja online ou pessoalmente, o bullying está entre maiores preocupações infantis”

Outubro 17, 2018 às 8:00 pm | Publicado em Estudos sobre a Criança, Relatório | Deixe um comentário
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Notícia da ONU News de 8 de outubro de 2018.

ONU calcula que pelo menos 130 milhões de menores entre 13 e 15 anos já viveram episódio de intimidação; relatório do secretário-geral destaca que bullying cibernético “pode causar danos profundos”.

As Nações Unidas debateram esta segunda-feira um informe destacando que “seja online ou pessoalmente, o bullying está entre as principais preocupações das crianças.”

O relatório “Protegendo as crianças do bullying”, ilustra que taxas diferem em cada país, mas a intimidação está presente e espalhada pelo mundo. Em número significativo, as crianças são afetadas como vítimas, responsáveis ou espectadoras.

A ONU News conversou com a representante do secretário-geral sobre Violência contra as Crianças. Marta Santos Pais disse que o impacto da intimidação nas crianças pode ser mais profundo do que se imagina.

“Algumas vezes nós achamos que este tema existiu sempre e não é um risco, porque as crianças vão ficar mais fortes se conseguirem ultrapassar estes desafios. Mas esquecemos do impacto que têm no coração da criança, na sua saúde, na sua educação e na sua capacidade de se relacionar e de confiar noutras pessoas.”

Intimidação

O documento debatido em Nova Iorque destaca que mais de um em cada três estudantes de idades entre os 13 e 15 anos sofrem de bullying. Esse número corresponde a 130 milhões de menores dessa faixa etária.

Cerca de três em cada 10 adolescentes em 39 países da Europa e da América do Norte admitiram ter vivido um episódio de intimidação por outros na escola.

O documento menciona ainda as consequências do bullying cibernético, que envolve “publicar ou enviar mensagens eletrônicas que incluem fotos ou vídeos para assediar, ameaçar ou atingir outra pessoa”.

Para esse fim, são usados todos os tipos de plataformas sociais, que incluem salas de bate-papo, blogs e mensagens instantâneas realizando a prática que “pode causar danos profundos”.

Comportamento

Entre as consequências estão a “marca permanente deixada no espaço cibernético, que pode atingir rapidamente um público vasto.” Segundo o estudo, o bullying e o cyberbullying alimentam um ao outro, formando um constante comportamento prejudicial.

O Brasil foi um dos países onde ocorreram consultas em grupos focais envolvendo crianças com pais detidos. A pesquisa fez parte de um estudo global sobre menores privados de liberdade que foi realizado com a representante especial do secretário-geral.

A iniciativa envolveu governos na América Latina e a sociedade civil atuando com crianças entre 6 a 17 anos, filhos de presos na Argentina, no Chile, na República Dominicana, no México, na Nicarágua, no Panamá e no Uruguai.

Medidas 

O documento defende que é preciso ter “mais dados precisos, confiáveis e desagregados para quebrar o silêncio e promover mudanças positivas para evitar e combater o bullying”.

Outras iniciativas com base em fatos concretos também são essenciais para difundir medidas eficazes de prevenção e resposta ao problema.

O estudo estimula ações positivas que reforçar habilidades de vida de crianças e para informá-las, prevenir e dar resposta ao comportamento violento e ao bullying.

Outra proposta do relatório é que soluções a conflitos sejam replicadas e expandidas a comunidades, escolas e dentro dos países.

Descarregar o relatório Protecting children from bullying no link:

https://violenceagainstchildren.un.org/news/srsg-launches-second-report-secretary-general-bullying-including-cyberbullying

 

 

Ending the torment: tackling bullying from the schoolyard to cyberspace – relatório das Nações Unidas

Fevereiro 6, 2017 às 6:00 am | Publicado em Relatório | Deixe um comentário
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ending

descarregar o documento no link:

http://srsg.violenceagainstchildren.org/sites/default/files/2016/End%20bullying/bullyingreport.pdf

Bullying, including cyberbullying, affects a high percentage of children at different stages of their development, often severely undermining their health, emotional wellbeing and school performance. Victims may suffer sleep disorders, headaches, stomach pain, poor appetite and fatigue as well as feelings of low-self-esteem, anxiety, depression, shame and at times suicidal thoughts; these are psychological and emotional scars that may persist into adult life.

Bullying is a key concern for children. It is one of the most frequent reasons why children call a helpline. It gains centre stage in surveys conducted with school children, and generates a special interest when opinion polls are conducted through social media with young people.

The recent U-Report initiative supported by UNICEF with more than 100,000 children and young people around the world illustrates this well: nine in every ten respondents considered that bullying is a major problem; two thirds reported having been victims; and one third believed it was normal and therefore did not tell anybody, while many did not know whom to tell or felt afraid to do so.

Versão para crianças do Protocolo Facultativo à Convenção sobre os Direitos da Criança Relativo à Instituição de Um Procedimento de Comunicação

Maio 14, 2014 às 8:00 pm | Publicado em Recursos educativos | Deixe um comentário
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protocolo

descarregar aqui a versão em espanhol, inglês

Prevention of and responses to violence against children within the juvenile justice system

Outubro 4, 2013 às 12:00 pm | Publicado em Relatório | Deixe um comentário
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prevention

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“In its resolution 18/12 of 24 September 2011 on human rights in the administration of justice, in particular juvenile justice, the Human Rights Council invited the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children to collaborate in the organization of an expert consultation on prevention of and responses to violence against children within the juvenile justice system and to submit a report thereon.

The Expert Consultation took place in Vienna on 23-24 January 2012. It was hosted by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and co-organized with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children, in cooperation with the Government of Austria. Participants included representatives from international and regional human rights bodies,  governmental and State institutions, academia and civil society.

The Expert Consultation focused on the risks and systemic factors contributing to violence against children within the juvenile justice system, and strategies and practical recommendations to prevent and respond to violence against children within the juvenile justice system.

This report is informed by the results of the consultation and a research paper conducted by an independent consultant, Ann Skelton, of the University of Pretoria, South Africa.”

Safe and child-sensitive counselling, complaint and reporting mechanisms to address violence against children

Setembro 20, 2013 às 8:00 pm | Publicado em Estudos sobre a Criança | Deixe um comentário
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safe

Descarregar o relatório aqui

“Counselling, complaint and reporting mechanisms constitute critical remedies to address breaches of children’s rights, including violence in all its forms. Their development is anchored in international human rights standards and, in view of their urgency, the Brazil Congress against the Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents called on their establishment in all countries by 2013.

The need for safe, well-publicized, confidential and accessible mechanisms for children to report incidents of violence was also a serious area of concern addressed by the UN Study on Violence against Children. The Study recommended their establishment, including through telephone helplines which children can access to report abuse, speak to a trained counsellor in confidence, and ask for support and advice.

The Study underscored the need to make all children, including those in care and justice institutions, aware of the existence of complaint mechanisms and recommended that in every locality and every setting there should be well-publicized and easily accessible services to investigate reports of violence against children.

Based on information received from national governments and many other stakeholders, as well as research conducted, this report provides an overview of existing counseling, complaint and reporting mechanisms,drawing attention to positive developments and persisting challenges. (…)”

Protecting Children from Harmful Practices in Plural Legal Systems with a special emphasis on Africa

Abril 25, 2013 às 8:00 pm | Publicado em Estudos sobre a Criança, Relatório | Deixe um comentário
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protecting

Descarregar o documento Aqui

Across regions, millions of children continue to suffer from various forms of harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, early and forced marriage, breast ironing, son preference, female infanticide, virginity testing, honour crimes, bonded labour, forced feeding and nutritional taboos, accusation of witchcraft, as well as a great number of other less known practices.

Harmful practices may be traditional or emerging, but generally have some cultural, social or religious underpinning. Common for most harmful practices is that they have devastating consequences on the child’s life, development, health, education and protection.

The UN Study on Violence against Children urged states to prohibit by law all forms of violence against children, including harmful practices. This recommendation is a key priority for the mandate of the Special representative of the Secretary General on Violence against Children as well as for Plan International. To advance progress in the implementation of this recommendation, they co-organized an expert consultation, in June 2012. This thematic report was informed by those important discussions.

The expert consultation placed a particular emphasis on addressing harmful practices in plural legal systems. It built upon significant developments and experiences across regions, with a particular emphasis on Africa and the work promoted by the African Union and the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. The discussions examined the interplay between children’s right to legal protection from all harmful practices, and religious and customary laws. Informed by significant developments that have helped to address deeply rooted social conventions and support the abandonment of harmful practices against children, the consultation put forward important recommendations to advance national implementation efforts.

We are confident that the conclusions and recommendations highlighted in this report, calling for the harmonization of national legislation, customary and religious laws with international human rights standards, and the introduction of a legal prohibition of harmful practices, supported by a steady process of implementation to prevent and address those practices, will help to accelerate progress in children’s protection from harmful practices across regions.

We look forward to further strengthening our collaboration to prevent and eliminate all violence and harmful practices against children everywhere and at all times.


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