Situação Mundial da Infância em Números 2014 – Novo relatório da Unicef

Janeiro 31, 2014 às 2:30 pm | Publicado em Relatório | Deixe um comentário
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descarregar o relatório The State of the World’s Children 2014 In Numbers: Every Child Counts

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The data show that tremendous progress has been made during the past few decades:

• About 90 million children who would have died if mortality rates had stuck at their 1990 level have, instead, lived past the age of 5.

• Deaths from measles among children under 5 years of age fell from 482,000 in 2000 to 86,000 in 2012, thanks in large part to immunization coverage, which increased from 16 per cent in 1980 to 84 per cent in 2012.

• Improvements in nutrition have led to a 37 per cent drop in stunting since 1990.

• Primary school enrolment has increased, even in the least developed countries: Whereas in 1990 only 53 per cent of children in those countries gained school admission, by 2011 the rate had improved to 81 per cent.

• Nearly 1.9 billion people have gained access to improved sanitation since 1990. But the tables also bear witness to ongoing violations of children’s rights:

• Some 6.6 million children under 5 years of age died in 2012, mostly from preventable causes, their fundamental right to survive and develop unrealized.

• Fifteen per cent of the world’s children6 engage in child labour that compromises their right to protection from economic exploitation and infringes on their right to learn and play

• Eleven per cent of girls are married before they turn 15,7 jeopardizing their rights to health, education and protection.

• The right to freedom from cruel and degrading punishment is violated whenever children are subjected to violent discipline at home or in school. The tables also reveal gaps and inequities, showing that gains and deprivations are unevenly distributed. Children’s chances differ depending on whether their country is a rich or a poor one; whether they are born girls or boys, into families rich or poor; or whether nthey live in the countryside or the city – and there, too, whether they live in well-to-do areas or impoverished neighbourhoods. Of the roughly 18,000 children under 5 years old who die every day, a disproportionate number are from parts of cities or the countryside that are cut off from services because of poverty or geography. Many could be saved by proven means and at little cost.

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