Casos de ‘bullying’ no Japão quase triplicaram no ano letivo anterior

Dezembro 17, 2013 às 8:00 pm | Publicado em A criança na comunicação social | Deixe um comentário
Etiquetas: , , ,

Notícia da SIC Notícias de 11 de Dezembro de 2013.

Notícia com mais dados:

Reported bullying cases in Japanese schools nearly triples in fiscal 2012

Tóquio, 11 dez (Lusa) – O número de casos de ‘bullying’ escolar denunciados no ano escolar 2012/2013 atingiram um recorde de 198.108, quase o triplo dos 70.000 casos do ano anterior, revelou hoje o Ministério japonês da Educação.

A revelação do Ministério, feita através da televisão NHK, salienta também que o número registado no ano letivo passado é o mais alto desde que as autoridades começaram a compilar dados de casos de ‘bullying’ em 1985.

O Governo japonês atribui o aumento dos números ao esforço realizado pelas escolas para detetarem e denunciarem os casos de ‘bullying’ escolar.

Os PUTOS & PULOS oferecem um espetáculo de beneficência dia 19, 14h15m, na escola 7 (Casalinho da Ajuda)

Dezembro 17, 2013 às 3:00 pm | Publicado em Divulgação | Deixe um comentário
Etiquetas: , , , ,

Os PUTOS & PULOS oferecem um espetáculo de beneficência e distribuirão presentes, no dia 19 deste mês, pela 14h15m, na escola 7 (Casalinhos da Ajuda), ação que conta com a organização da Junta de Freguesia da Ajuda.

www.putospulos.no.comunidades.net

putos

O Instituto de Apoio à Criança Deseja Boas Festas e Um Feliz Ano Novo

Dezembro 17, 2013 às 2:00 pm | Publicado em O IAC na comunicação social | Deixe um comentário
Etiquetas: , , ,

natal20139_web

A Máquina de Empanturrar Perus – Teatro

Dezembro 17, 2013 às 2:00 pm | Publicado em Divulgação | Deixe um comentário
Etiquetas: , , ,

perus

Representação teatral | 20 de Dezembro 2013, 21h00 | Escola Superior de Educação de Lisboa | Entrada livre 

” O tempo da Criança. O tempo do Adulto. O tempo do Encontro.
Não é obra do acaso, é também obra da disponibilidade recíproca daqueles que se encontram. Nesse lugar Encontro recuperámos a mãe-avó, o ré menor, a Xinoca, os jantares de mesa cheia, os fatos ridículos de carnaval, o a braço estampado, e outros tantos salpicos de uma memória que se fez adulta. Conto contigo, quero voltar a olhar para ti em breve, nossa mãe fotografou e guardou, e mais não digo, vais ter que descobrir sozinho. Metáfora assumida na viagem da criança-adulto-actor-comunidade, em que saber tudo a cada instante deixa de ser importante, pois vivemos em palco o tempo necessário para que elas se ponham livremente a si próprias, procurando resolver lentamente…elas, as crianças, nós, as crianças, nós os adultos. Nós…”

Para maiores informações: Facebook ou Blogue.

http://joaodossantos.net/

 

‘Memories’ pass between generations

Dezembro 17, 2013 às 12:00 pm | Publicado em Estudos sobre a Criança | Deixe um comentário
Etiquetas: , , , , , , , , , ,

Notícia da BBC News de 1 de Dezembro de 2013.

O estudo mencionado na notícia é o seguinte:

Parental olfactory experience influences behavior and neural structure in subsequent generations

SPL

By James Gallagher

Behaviour can be affected by events in previous generations which have been passed on through a form of genetic memory, animal studies suggest.

Experiments showed that a traumatic event could affect the DNA in sperm and alter the brains and behaviour of subsequent generations. A Nature Neuroscience study shows mice trained to avoid a smell passed their aversion on to their “grandchildren”.

Experts said the results were important for phobia and anxiety research.

The animals were trained to fear a smell similar to cherry blossom.

The team at the Emory University School of Medicine, in the US, then looked at what was happening inside the sperm.

They showed a section of DNA responsible for sensitivity to the cherry blossom scent was made more active in the mice’s sperm.

Both the mice’s offspring, and their offspring, were “extremely sensitive” to cherry blossom and would avoid the scent, despite never having experiencing it in their lives.

Changes in brain structure were also found.

“The experiences of a parent, even before conceiving, markedly influence both structure and function in the nervous system of subsequent generations,” the report concluded.

Family affair

The findings provide evidence of “transgenerational epigenetic inheritance” – that the environment can affect an individual’s genetics, which can in turn be passed on.

One of the researchers Dr Brian Dias told the BBC: “This might be one mechanism that descendants show imprints of their ancestor.

“There is absolutely no doubt that what happens to the sperm and egg will affect subsequent generations.”

Prof Marcus Pembrey, from University College London, said the findings were “highly relevant to phobias, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders” and provided “compelling evidence” that a form of memory could be passed between generations.

He commented: “It is high time public health researchers took human transgenerational responses seriously.

“I suspect we will not understand the rise in neuropsychiatric disorders or obesity, diabetes and metabolic disruptions generally without taking a multigenerational approach.”

In the smell-aversion study, is it thought that either some of the odour ends up in the bloodstream which affected sperm production or that a signal from the brain was sent to the sperm to alter DNA.

Safeguarding human rights in times of economic crisis. Issue Paper published by the Commissioner for Human Rights

Dezembro 17, 2013 às 6:00 am | Publicado em Divulgação, Estudos sobre a Criança | Deixe um comentário
Etiquetas: , , , , , , , , , , , ,

crisis

Descarregar o documento aqui

In 2012, the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly expressed its concern about austerity measures and pointed out that “the restrictive approaches currently pursued, predominantly based on budgetary cuts in social expenditure, may not reach their objective of consolidating public budgets, but risk further deepening the crisis and undermining social rights as they mainly affect lower income classes and the most vulnerable categories of the population”.1

In times of crisis, governments may not immediately view human rights as relevant to the urgent task of rescuing the economy from the brink of collapse. But as the Commissioner for Human Rights has argued, “periods of financial dire straits should not be seen as emergency situations that automatically entail the curtailment of social and economic rights and the deterioration of the situation of vulnerable social groups. On the contrary, such periods of time should be viewed by states as windows of opportunity to overhaul their national human rights protection systems and reorganize their administration in order to build or reinforce the efficiency of national social security systems, including social safety nets that should be operational when necessary”.2

This Issue Paper outlines the human rights consequences of austerity measures implemented across Europe in the wake of the global financial and economic crises, and provides supportive guidance to the member states of the Council of Europe for upholding their human rights and equality duties in times of economic constraint. The Issue Paper sets out a series of concrete recommendations for human rights-compliant responses to the crisis and addresses the important and unique role of national human rights structures in ensuring that human rights are safeguarded in the crisis context.

Chapter 1 of this Issue Paper provides a short account of some of the impacts nof the economic crisis and austerity measures on the enjoyment of human rights in Europe.

Chapter 2 presents the human rights norms and standards most relevant in times of economic downturn and recovery.

Chapter 3 provides concrete guidance on how to effectively implement these norms in practice, thereby illustrating how human rights law can help to frame and shape the member states’ responses to the complex and urgent economic dilemmas  they face.

Chapter 4 concludes by outlining the significant role national human rights structures can play in monitoring and reviewing the design and implementation of austerity policies and in providing accountability for the infringements of human rights resulting from austerity.

The Commissioner’s recommendations can be found at the beginning of the document.

1. PACE, Resolution 1884, “Austerity measures – a danger for democracy and social rights”, 26 June 2012.

2. The Commissioner’s Report on Portugal, CommDH(2012)22, p. 15.


Entries e comentários feeds.