HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV

Novembro 30, 2013 às 2:00 pm | Publicado em Estudos sobre a Criança | Deixe um comentário
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Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents — especially girls — who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence.

These guidelines provide specific recommendations and expert suggestions — for national policy-makers and programme managers and their partners and stakeholders— on prioritizing, planning and providing HIV testing, counselling, treatment and care services for adolescents.

 

Webcam Child Sex Tourism – Relatório da Terre des Hommes

Novembro 30, 2013 às 1:00 pm | Publicado em Relatório | Deixe um comentário
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Rising Internet usage rates and persistent poverty in the developing world have fostered the emergence of a rapidly growing new form of online child sexual exploitation. “Webcam Child Sex Tourism” (WCST) takes place when adults pay or offer other rewards in order to direct and view live streaming video footage of children in another country performing sexual acts in front of a webcam.

Terre des Hommes Netherlands works to end child exploitation and to assist victims around the world. In recent years, they have been overwhelmed by the surging number of child victims of WCST in the Philippines. What started as research into the WCST trade led them to a viable solution to this global problem. They found that the legal framework prohibiting WCST widely exists, but governments are not adequately enforcing their own child protection laws when the victims are located outside of their borders.

This led them to wonder how often WCST actually takes place online. Four Terre des Hommes
Netherlands researchers spent 10 weeks posing as prepubertal Filipino girls on 19 public chat rooms. During that short period, a total of 20,172 predators from 71 countries committed crimes by soliciting the wcst research researchers, whom the predators believed to be minors, for paid webcam sex performances. This report is the most comprehensive study on WCST undertaken to date. However, the findings of the research, while alarming, only provide a small glimpse into how vast the phenomenon of WCST actually is.

If action is not taken, Terre des Hommes Netherlands fear that WCST will spiral as far out of control as the online child pornography industry, which is now a multi-billion dollar international trade that law enforcement agencies cannot reign in.


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